This work presents a detailed analysis of segmentation process in FCC single crystals with compression axis  and side faces( ̅110) and (001) considering effect of octahedral shear crystal-geometry and basic stress concentrators. Sequence of meso-band systems formation on side faces is determined. Macro-segmentation patterns are specified, that are common to the FCC single crystals under investigation. It is proved that rectangular shape of highly compressed crystals, elongated in direction of operating planes, is conditioned by orientation symmetry of compression axis, single crystal side faces and shears directions, which are characteristic for the given orientation. The specified patterns are characteristic only for the samples with initial height-to-width ratio equal to 2. When varying sample height relative to the initial one, segmentation patterns will also vary due to crystal geometry variations.
Zero field cooled (ZFC)/Field Cooled (FC) magnetization curves of a bulk MnO single crystal show a peculiar peak at low temperatures (~ 40 K) similar to the low temperature peak observed in MnO nanoparticles. In order to investigate the origin of this peak, the spin structure of a MnO single crystal has been studied and compared with a single phase powder sample using magnetometry and polarized neutron scattering. Both magnetometry and polarized neutron diffraction results confirm the antiferromagnetic (AF) phase transition at the Néel temperature TN of 118 K, in both powder and single crystal form. However, the low temperature peak in the ZFC/FC magnetization curves is not observed in single phase MnO powder. To better understand the observed behavior, ac susceptibility measurements have been employed. We conclude that the clear peak in the magnetic signal from the single crystal originates from a small amount of ferrimagnetic (FiM) Mn2O3 or Mn3O4 impurities, which is grown at the interfaces between MnO crystal twins.
Single crystals of 8-hydroxyquinolinium 3-carboxy-4-hydroxy benzene sulfonate monohydrate were grown by slow evaporation technique at room temperature by using ethanol as solvent. Single crystal X-ray diffraction study elucidated that the crystal structure of8-hydroxyquinolinium 3-carboxy-4-hydroxy benzene sulfonate monohydrate belongs to monoclinic crystal system with space group P21/n. The solid state physical parameters have been also determined for the grown crystal from the single crystal data. The cut-off wavelength and optical band gap energy of grown crystal was found to be 420 nm and 2.67 eV respectively.Thermogravimetric and differential thermal analysis reveals that the 8-hydroxyquinolinium 3-carboxy-4-hydroxy benzene sulfonate monohydrate single crystal is thermally stable up to 144˚C without any weight loss. The mechanical properties of the grown crystal were studied by Vickers microhardness technique and it is found that 8-hydroxyquinolinium 3-carboxy-4-hydroxybenzene sulfonate monohydrate belongs to hard material category. The third order nonlinear refractive index (n2), nonlinear absorption coefficient (β) and nonlinear optical susceptibility (χ3) of the grown crystal were also measured by Z-scan studies.
A new method to grow single crystals of PbFCl-type mixed anion AP2-x Xx (A = Zr, Hf, X = S, Se) superconductor is examined. Using a wedge-type, cubic-anvil, high-pressure apparatus, single crystals of ZrP1.25Se0.75 (A = Zr, X = Se) were grain grown from nominal composition melts under a pressure of 2.0 GPa. Obtained Plate-like single crystal with approximate edge sizes of 160 × 160 × 20 μ m3 was measured on electron probe microanalysis and X-ray diffraction indicate that the as-grown boules are a single phase ZrP1.25Se0.75. Superconducting transition temperature (T c) is 6.31 K for ZrP1.25Se0.75 single crystal. It also succeeded in single crystal growth of substitution of nonmagnetic rare earth atoms for A (A = Zr) site, T c = 6.91 K was reached in the (Zr0.50Lu0.50)PSe nominal composition. In this paper, the crystal growth of these compound are also reported.