Host and defect-related luminescence in Rb2KTiOF5 oxyfluoride crystals irradiated by fast electrons
The paper presents a comparative analysis of RKTF crystals (full name single crystals Rb2KTiOF5), and RKTF + e crystals, single crystals irradiated on a cyclotron by fast electrons Rb2KTiOF5. The crystals were grown by slow solidification method. The study was conducted at a temperature from 7 to 400 K for various types of optical and radiation effects. Spectra of photoluminescence (PL) and X-ray excited luminescence (XRL) in region of 1.5-5.5 eV, time-resolved pulse cathode-luminescence (PCL) spectra, the temperature depending of the XRL, luminescence decay kinetics were studied. Single crystal RKTF are transparent from microwave up to the edge of the long-wave fundamental absorption (near UV range). We detected three luminescence bands for RKTF, in the visible spectral region, that were attributed to radiative annihilation of intrinsic excitons (2.25 eV), recombinaion-type luminescence (2.1 eV) and luminescence of higher TiOF5 complexes (1.9 eV), for all emission bands characterized by great (~1.5-1.8 eV) Stokes shift. The exponential component with lifetime of approximately 19 μs was found in the PCL decay kinetics at 2.25 eV. In the crystal RKTF + e we detected new luminescence bands 2.6 eV and 3.2 eV and the disappearance of the RKTF luminescence bands. Stokes shift of the band 3.2 eV of the RKTF + e crystal is much smaller and is equal to 0.7 eV. Excitation of the band 3.2 eV occurs in the field of crystal transparency, which indicates the defective nature of the glow. PCL decay kinetics at 2.0 and 2.5 eV has a complex nature and consists of at least two components with a life time of 0.5 ms and 6 ms, that significantly more in comparison with RKTF. Irradiation by fast electrons of crystals Rb2KTiOF5 led to entirely new optical properties and suppression of self-luminescence of the crystals.
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